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Upgrading from MariaDB 10.4 to MariaDB 10.5 Galera Cluster

Because upgrading from MariaDB 10.4 to MariaDB 10.5 (non-clustered) seems not to be a problem [ 1 ] we take the challenge and try to create a receipt based on the MariaDB 10.3 to MariaDB 10.4 Galera Cluster upgrade documentation [ 3 ]:

Before you start

Before you begin with the upgrade you should consider a few things:

MariaDB and MySQL package holding or locking

Repositories from your favourite Linux distribution and from your favourite database software vendor get regular package updates. If you do periodic system upgrades (for example every 2 weeks as we do) you get the newest packages of a release series.
Unfortunately recently the software vendors started not only to fix bugs in new releases but also to introduce new features. And when you fix bugs or introduce new stuff new bugs might appear.

Migration from MySQL 5.7 to MariaDB 10.4

Up to version 5.5 MariaDB and MySQL can be considered as "the same" databases. The official wording at those times was "drop-in-replacement". But now we are a few years later and times and features changed. Also the official wording has slightly changed to just "compatible".
FromDual recommends that you consider MariaDB 10.3 and MySQL 8.0 as completely different database products (with some common roots) nowadays. Thus you should work and act accordingly.

Upgrade MySQL 5.7 to MySQL 8.0

Early adopters of our customers are considering to upgrade to MySQL 8.0. To be prepared we have created a check-list:

Undefined

Oracle releases MySQL security vulnerability fixes 2018-01

Taxonomy upgrade extras: 

As in every quarter of the year Oracle has released yesterday its recommendation for the MySQL security updates. This is called, in Oracle terminology, Critical Patch Update (CPU) Advisory.

This CPU is published for all Oracle products. But FromDual is only interested in MySQL related topics. So let us concentrate on those.

Migration between MySQL/Percona Server and MariaDB

This week, we did some migrations from MariaDB 10.0 to Percona Server 5.6 at the IT department of a big German bank.

We were perfectly aware that since version 10.0 the MariaDB code base started to diverge slightly away from the MySQL and Percona Server code base which are still pretty close to each other.

Because of the Percona Server option enforce_storage_engine we wanted to do this migration.

Rolling upgrade of Galera 1.0 to 1.1

Taxonomy upgrade extras: 

A few days ago Codership announced their new version Galera v1.1 - synchronous Replication Cluster for MySQL. Before we look at the new feature of Rolling Online Schema Upgrade (OSU) we have a look at how to upgrade to the new Galera release.

MySQL licenses for dummies

Taxonomy upgrade extras: 

The following summary shows my personal understanding of MySQL 5.1 licenses, packages and products. It does not necessarily reflect 100% the way MySQL understands it. But after all the discussions I hope it is as close as possible to the reality:

MySQL Embedded Database Server

(Download -> OEM Software)

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